Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.4/784
Título: The hypointense liver lesion on T2-weighted MR images and what it means
Autor: Curvo-Semedo, L
Brito, JB
Seco, MF
Costa, JM
Marques, CB
Caseiro-Alves, F
Palavras-chave: Algoritmos
Doenças do Fígado
Ressonância Magnética
Realce de Imagem
Data: 2010
Editora: RSNA
Citação: Radiographics. 2010 Jan-Feb;30(1):e38.
Resumo: The vast majority of focal liver lesions are hyperintense on T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images. Rarely, however, hepatic nodules may appear totally or partially hypointense on those images. Causes for this uncommon appearance include deposition of iron, calcium, or copper and are related to the presence of blood degradation products, macromolecules, coagulative necrosis, and other conditions. Although rare, low signal intensity relative to surrounding liver on T2-weighted images may be seen in a wide spectrum of lesions. Examples include cases of focal nodular hyperplasia, hepatocellular adenoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, metastases, leiomyoma, siderotic or dysplastic nodules, nodules in Wilson disease, granuloma, and hydatid cyst. On fat-suppressed T2-weighted images, nodules with a lipomatous component, such as lipoma, angiomyolipoma, hepatocellular adenoma, and hepatocellular carcinoma may also appear partially or totally hypointense. The conjunction of other MR imaging findings and their integration in the clinical setting may allow a correct diagnosis in a considerable proportion of cases. The cause for T2-weighted hypointensity may not be, however, always recognized, and only pathologic correlation may provide the answer. The aims of this work are to discuss the causes and mechanisms of hypointensity of liver lesions on T2-weighted images and proposing an algorithm for classification that may be useful as a quick reminder for the interested reader.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.4/784
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