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|Título:||Left ventricular aneurysms: early and long-term results of two types of repair|
|Citação:||Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2005 Feb;27(2):210-5|
|Resumo:||OBJECTIVE: Controversy still exists regarding the optimal surgical technique for postinfarction left ventricular (LV) aneurysm repair. We analyze the efficacy of two established techniques, linear vs. patch remodeling, for repair of dyskinetic LV aneurysms. METHODS: Between May 1988 and December 2001, 110 consecutive patients underwent repair of LV aneurysms. These represent 2.0% of a total group of 5429 patients who underwent isolated CABG during the period. Seventy-six (69.1%) patients were submitted to linear repair and 34 (30.9%) to patch remodelling. There were 94 (84.5%) men and 17 women, with a mean age of 59.2+/-9.2 years. Coronary surgery was performed in all patients (mean no. of grafts/patient, 2.7+/-0.8) and 14 (12.7%) had associated coronary endarterectomy. Forty-four (40.0%) patients had angina CCS class III/IV (linear 43.4%, patch 32.4%, NS) and the majority was in NYHA class I/II (88.2% in both groups). Left ventricular dysfunction (EF>40%) was present in 72 (65.5%) patients (linear 61.8%, patch 73.5%, NS). RESULTS: There was no perioperative mortality, and major morbidity was not significantly different between linear repair and patch repair groups. During a mean follow-up of 7.3+/-3.4 years (range 4-182 months) 14 patients (14.3%) had died, 12 (85.7%) of possible cardiac-related cause. Actual global survival rate was 85.7%. Actuarial survival rates at 5, 10 and 15 years were 91.3, 81.4 and 74%, respectively. There was no significant difference in late survival between the patch and the linear groups. At late follow-up the mean angina and NYHA class were, 1.3 (preoperative 2.4, P<0.001) and 1.5 (preoperative 1.7, NS), respectively, with no difference between the groups. There was no significant difference in hospital readmissions for cardiac causes (linear 22.8% and patch 37.0%). CONCLUSIONS: The technique of repair of postinfarction dyskinetic LV aneurysms should be adapted in each patient to the cavity size and shape, and the dimension of the scar. Both techniques achieved good results with respect to perioperative mortality, late functional status and survival|
|Aparece nas colecções:||CCT - Artigos|
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