Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.4/527
Título: Kidney transplantation with corticosteroid-free maintenance immunosuppression: a single center analysis of graft and patient survivals
Autor: Filipe, R
Mota, A
Alves, R
Bastos, C
Macário, F
Figueiredo, A
Roseiro, A
Parada, B
Sá, H
Nunes, P
Bastos, M
Palavras-chave: Imunossupressores
Transplantação de Rim
Data: 2009
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Transplant Proc. 2009 Apr;41(3):843-5
Resumo: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a corticosteroid-free maintenance immunosuppression on graft survival in kidney transplantation. We analyzed 79 patients who were transplanted between June 1, 2006 and May 31, 2007. We excluded hyperimmunized patients, second transplantations, living donors, and black recipients. Patients underwent induction with thymoglobulin or basiliximab, followed by treatment with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), tacrolimus, and methylprednisolone. On the 5th day, the patients were divided into 2 groups: group A (n = 45) discontinued steroid therapy; group B (n = 34) continued prednisone therapy. We performed a comparative analysis of incidence of delayed graft function (DGF), acute rejection episodes (ARE), renal function at 6 and 12 months, graft and patient survivals, causes of graft loss, and mortality. The 2 groups were similar for donor, recipient, and graft characteristics. The incidences of DGF were 8.9% in group A and 14.7% in group B; those for ARE were 2.3% in group A and 13.8% in group B (P = .077). The mean serum creatinine levels at 6 and 12 months were similar. There were 8 graft losses: 3 in group A (3 deaths with functioning grafts) and 5 in group B (1 death, 3 vascular causes, 1 kidney nonfunction). The 4 deaths were due to infection (n = 3) or neoplasia (n = 1). Graft survivals at 1 year were 98% in group A and 85% in group B, and patient survivals were 98% and 97%, respectively. An immunosuppressive regimen using antibody induction and steroid-free treatment proved to be effective in low-risk patients.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.4/527
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