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|Título:||Carvedilol: Relação Entre A Actividade Antioxidante e Inibição da Transição de Permeabilidade Mitocondrial|
|Outros títulos:||Carvedilol: relation between antioxidant activity and inhibition of the mitochondrial permeability transition|
|Editora:||Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia|
|Citação:||Rev Port Cardiol. 2003 Jan;22(1):55-62|
|Resumo:||OBJECTIVES: The mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) is an event related to severe oxidative stress (for example, during myocardial ischemia and reperfusion) and excessive mitochondrial calcium accumulation, also being implicated in cell death. In this study, we compared the effect of carvedilol on the cardiac MPT induced by calcium and phosphate (Ca/Pi) and calcium/carboxyatractyloside (Ca/Catr). Oxidative stress plays a major role in MPT induction by Ca/Pi, leading to the oxidation of protein thiol groups, in contrast with Ca/Catr, where such oxidation is secondary to MPT induction and is not caused by oxidative stress. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mitochondria were isolated from rat hearts and parameters related to MPT induction were evaluated (n = 5 for each inducer): mitochondrial swelling and oxidation of protein thiol groups (both measured by spectrophotometry). RESULTS: Using Ca/Pi, carvedilol protected mitochondria from MPT induction, particularly in its high conductance form. Its effect was demonstrated by analyzing the decrease in mitochondrial swelling amplitude. Simultaneously, we observed inhibition of protein thiol group oxidation (p < 0.001). By contrast, carvedilol did not show any protective effect with Ca/Catr. CONCLUSIONS: Carvedilol was only effective against the MPT when the oxidation of protein thiol groups was the cause and not the consequence of the MPT phenomenon. The results clearly show that during myocardial aggressions (ischemia and reperfusion, for example), the protective effect of carvedilol is primarily due to an antioxidant mechanism, inhibiting the production and effects of reactive oxygen species.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||CAR - Artigos|
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