Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.4/1674
Título: Patch testing with 2.0% (0.60 mg/cm2) formaldehyde instead of 1.0% (0.30 mg/cm2) detects significantly more contact allergy
Autor: Pontén, A
Aalto-Korte, K
Agner, T
Andersen, KE
Gimenez-Arnau, AM
Gonçalo, Margarida
Goossens, A
Johansen, JD
Le Coz, CJ
Maibach, HI
Rustemeyer, T
White, IR
Bruze, M
Palavras-chave: Formaldeído
Testes Cutâneos
Testes Patch
Dermatite de Contacto Alérgica
Data: 2013
Editora: Wiley
Citação: Contact Dermatitis. 2013;68(1):50-3.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: The currently used patch test concentration for formaldehyde is 1.0% (wt/vol) in water. However, clinical experience and previous studies suggest that 1.0% might be insufficient for detecting an optimized number of clinically relevant cases of contact allergy to formaldehyde. OBJECTIVES: To validate earlier patch test results for comparison of 1% (wt/vol) and 2% (wt/vol) formaldehyde in water, and to investigate co-reactivity with quaternium-15. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 12 dermatology clinics, 3591 patients were routinely patch tested simultaneously with 2.0% (wt/vol) (0.60 mg/cm(2)) and 1.0% (wt/vol) (0.30 mg/cm(2)) formaldehyde. Micropipettes were used for delivering the exact dosage of the allergen. RESULTS: Significantly more patients reacted to 2.0% formaldehyde than to 1.0% (3.4% versus 1.8%, p < 0.001). Overall, there were no sex differences between those reacting positively to 2.0% and 1.0%. Of 25 quaternium-15-positive patients, 4 (0.1%) reacted positively without reacting to formaldehyde. CONCLUSION: On the basis of the results of this multicentre study, as well as of previous studies, it can be suggested that 2.0% (wt/vol) in water formaldehyde should be used in routine patch testing in the baseline series.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.4/1674
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