Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.4/140
Título: Primary chemotherapy with sequential docetaxel followed by docetaxel and epirubicin in large operable breast cancer
Autor: Frutuoso, C
Henriques, I
Pazos, I
Abraúl, E
Pego, A
Belo, J
Campos, O
Oliveira, CF
Palavras-chave: Neoplasias da Mama
Quimioterapia
Epirubicina
Data: 2007
Citação: Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2007;28(6):447-50
Resumo: Primary chemotherapy is increasingly used in patients with large operable breast cancer. Docetaxel and epirubicin are the most active agents in breast cancer treatment. PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical response rate, breast conserving surgery and pathological response rate in patients with large operable breast cancer treated with docetaxel followed by docetaxel and epirubicin as primary chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with operable breast cancer more than 3 cm in the longest diameter with T2N0, T2N1 and T3N0 disease were enrolled. Patients were treated with three cycles of docetaxel 100 mg/m2 followed by three cycles of docetaxel 75 mg/m2 and epirubicin 90 mg/m2 prior to surgery. RESULTS: Sixty-five patients were enrolled between 09/2002 and 12/2005. The median age was 48.9 years and 72.3% were premenopausal. Median tumour size was 4.26 cm, 10.8% were T3 tumours and 38.5% had clinical positive lymph nodes. Of the tumours 58.5% were grade 1/2, 33.9% ER positive and 21.5% c-erb negative. All six cycles were administered to 62 patients; six cycles were delayed and five had dose reductions. Complete clinical response occurred in 41.5% of patients and partial response in 49.2%. Breast conserving surgery was performed in 30% of patients however it was feasible in 57%. Complete pathological response occurred in both primary tumour and nodes in 28%, and in 34% just in the primary tumour. Nine percent of cases had neutropenia and 7.7% febrile neutropenia, and two cases had a hypersensitivity reaction to docetaxel. One associated treatment death occurred. CONCLUSION: Docetaxel followed by epirubicin and docetaxel as primary chemotherapy results in a high clinical and pathological response rate. The majority of adverse events were predictable and manageable.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.4/140
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