Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.4/1209
Título: Influence of hydrochloric acid concentration on the demineralization of cortical bone
Autor: Figueiredo, M
Cunha, S
Martins, G
Freitas, J
Judas, F
Figueiredo, G
Palavras-chave: Ácido Clorídrico
Desmineralização Patológica Óssea
Data: 2011
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Chem Eng Res Design. 2011; 89 (1): 116-124
Resumo: Although demineralized bone matrix has been considered a successful grafting material, combining both osteoconductive and osteoinductive properties, conflicting results have been published in the literature regarding its bone-inducing abilities. This may be a consequence of following different demineralization procedures that naturally result in products with different properties. The present work examines the evaluation of the demineralization process of similar samples of human cortical bone using three different concentrations of hydrochloric acid solutions (0.6 M, 1.2 M and 2.4 M). Sample calcium content was determined (by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy) at various immersion times, allowing the construction of the corresponding kinetic profiles. Phase and chemical composition were enabled by X-Ray Diffraction Spectroscopy and Fourier Transform Infrared Analysis, respectively. Structural modifications were followed by Light and Scanning Electron Microscopy and quantified by mercury porosimetry (in terms of porosity and pore size distribution). As expected, increasing the acid concentration led to an increase in the demineralization rate, but not in a proportional way. However, one of the most significant effects of the acid concentration was found on the sample structural features. In fact, a considerable increment in porosity was detected for the sample subjected to the highest hydrochloric acid concentration. Microscopic observations demonstrated that despite the structural deformation resultant from demineralization, the basic microstructure was preserved.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.4/1209
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