Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.4/1181
Título: Nitric oxide synthase isoforms and NF-kappaB activity in normal and osteoarthritic human chondrocytes: regulation by inducible nitric oxide
Autor: Rosa, SC
Judas, F
Lopes, MC
Mendes, AF
Palavras-chave: Condrócitos
NF-kappa B
Óxido Nítrico
Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo I
Data: 2008
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Nitric Oxide. 2008 Nov;19(3):276-83.
Resumo: To elucidate the role of endogenous inducible nitric oxide (NO) on the regulation of NF-kappaB activity in human chondrocytes, we evaluated (i) the pattern of expression of the neuronal (nNOS) and inducible (iNOS) NO synthase isoforms and the basal NF-kappaB activity in normal and osteoarthritic (OA) human chondrocytes, (ii) the role of cytokines and growth factors in modulating the protein levels of the two NOS isoforms, and (iii) the effect of inhibiting endogenous inducible NO production on the ability of interleukin-1beta (IL-1) to induce NF-kappaB activation. nNOS was more frequently expressed in normal than in OA chondrocytes, whereas the opposite was found for iNOS. IL-1 induced the degradation of both enzymes, but iNOS disappeared more rapidly. Although IkappaB-alpha was present in all the normal samples and in the majority of the OA samples, NF-kappaB-DNA binding activity in OA chondrocytes was increased approximately twofold relatively to normal cells. Addition of a NOS inhibitor, after induction of iNOS expression, induced IkappaB-alpha degradation and potenciated the effect of IL-1, indicating that endogenous inducible NO inhibits NF-kappaB activation. Taken together, these findings favor an inhibitory role of high NO levels on the regulation of NF-kappaB activation in chondrocytes, indicating that NF-kappaB activity is regulated, at least in part, by the balanced production of NO resulting from a dynamic process that, at any given moment, determines the availability of the constitutive and inducible NOS isoforms. Moreover, the down-regulatory role of NO on NF-kappaB activation warrants caution as to the possible utilization of NO inhibitors in the therapy of OA.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.4/1181
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