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|Title: ||Colite pseudomembranosa : uma casuística de internamentos|
|Authors: ||Almeida, N|
|Keywords: ||Colite Pseudomembranosa|
|Issue Date: ||2006|
|Publisher: ||Sociedade Portuguesa de Gastrenterologia|
|Citation: ||J Port Gastrenterol. 2006; 13 (1): 6-13|
|Abstract: ||Introduction: pseudomembranous colitis (PMC) is an infectious disease that generally begins after antibiotic treatment.
Objectives: Characterize the patients with PMC in two Services of a Central Hospital.
Material and Methods: we considered the patients admitted in a Medicine (MS) and in a Gastroenterology (GES) Service with primary or secondary diagnosis of PMC, between January/1995 and July/2003 and registered the age, gender, clinical presentation, antibiotics (AB) and other risk factors, diagnostic procedures, complications and treatment.
Results: we considered 80 patients (43 - GES and 37 - MS); Mean age - 68,6 ± 17,7 years; 52,5% were male; Antibiotic treatment in the previous 3 months - 85%; Mean time of antibiotic treatment - 10,5 ± 6,1 days. Most Commonly Involved Antibiotics: cephalosporins, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and quinolones. Associated risk factors: renal insufficiency (22,5%); cardiac insufficiency (22,5%); previously dependent patient ( 36,3%).
Diagnostic procedures: toxin search-58 patients ( in 36 ), colonoscopy - 62 ( in 53); culture - 23 (in 17 ). The mortality rate was 18,8% (n = 15); recurrence rate - 10% (n = 8).
Therapeutics: metronidazol - 37 patients (46,3%); vancomycin - 24 (30%); metronidazol + vancomycin – 12 (15%).
Differences Between Services: mean age (MS - 72,9 and GES - 64,9); admission criteria (GES - intestinal disorders, MS – respiratory infections); diagnostic procedures (colonoscopy more frequent in GES); therapeutic options (MS - metronidazol; GES - vancomycin and metronidazol + vancomycin).
Conclusions: PMC is more common in older patients that were generally submitted to previous antibiotic treatment, especially with ß-lactamics. Considering two distinct Services we observed differences concerning age, co-morbility and risk factors that implied distinct diagnostic and therapeutic approaches.|
|Peer Reviewed: ||yes|
|Appears in Collections:||GAS - Artigos|
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