Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.4/1033
Título: Proteinuria in cystic fibrosis: a possible correlation between genotype and renal phenotype
Outros títulos: Proteinúria na fibrose cística: possível correlação entre genótipo e fenótipo renal
Autor: Cemlyn-Jones, J
Gamboa, F
Palavras-chave: Fibrose Quística
Nefropatia Diabética
Data: 2009
Citação: J Bras Pneumol. 2009;35(7):669-75.
Resumo: OBJECTIVE: To assess proteinuria in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), and to correlate proteinuria with genotype, CF-related diabetes and disease severity. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out over a six-month period and involving 22 CF patients. After the collection and analysis of 24-h urine samples, the patients were divided into two subgroups: protein excretion < 150 mg/day (low-proteinuria); and protein excretion > 150 mg/day (highproteinuria). Patient charts were reviewed to obtain data on genotype and CF-related diabetes. Disease severity was assessed based on acute exacerbations in the last six months and FEV1 measured during the study period. To assess the correlation between genotype and proteinuria, the two main mutations (DeltaF508 and R334W) were evaluated. Due to the existence of genotype DeltaF508/R334W, two categories were created to enable statistical analysis, DeltaF508 being evaluated in category 1 and R334W being evaluated in category 2. RESULTS: The DeltaF508 mutation tended to be associated with normal protein excretion: 100% of the low-proteinuria subgroup patients were considered DeltaF508 in category 1, compared with 86.7% in category 2. Protein excretion tended to be higher in patients with the R334W mutation: 60.0% of the high-proteinuria subgroup patients were considered R334W in category 1, compared with 80.0% in category 2 (p = 0.009 and p = 0.014, respectively). No significant association was found for any of the other variables. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that genotype is associated with renal phenotype, depending on the mechanism by which the genotype alters the function of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.4/1033
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